Sales journal definition

It is important to highlight that the sales journal is used to record sales on credit transactions. When posted to the general ledger, the sales journal and general ledger should balance in relation to the total of accounts receivable in both the sales journal and the sales column within the general ledger. A common problem pertaining to entries in the sales journal is recording information incorrectly. At first glance, it would appear that Don purchased a good/service for $83.98. This example shows an error where the sales price and cost of sales were placed in the wrong columns.

the sales journal

The transaction number, account number, customer name, invoice number, and sales amount are typically stored in the sales journal for each sale transaction. When a transaction is recorded, the accounts receivable account is debited, while the sales account is credited. Sales journal (also known as sales book and sales day book) is a special journal used to record all credit sales. Every transaction that is entered in this journal essentially results in a debit to accounts receivable account and a credit to sales account. Cash sales are not recorded in sales journal rather they are recorded in another special journal known as cash receipts journal. A sales journal must include the transactions of sales purchased and/or sold on credit.

( . Posting to general ledger:

The sales journal is a sub-journal, and is kept apart from the general journal. Remember, you will need to log the General Sales Tax (GST) if it is charged to the customer. This is the tax added to almost all goods or services that are sold for domestic consumption. The sales journal also tells us how much we log in the debtors’ control account, which is for each person/business who owes us money. Entries from the sales journal are posted to the accounts receivable subsidiary ledger and general ledger. A column for the transaction date, account name or customer name, invoice number, posting check box, accounts receivable amount, and cost of goods sold amount.

The entries should include the date of transaction, customer information, customer id#, invoice #, sales price, cost of sales, goods and services tax, debit, credit, and post reference #. Using a sales journal significantly decreases the amount of work needed to record transactions in a manual system. It also is not necessary to write an explanation of the transaction because only credit sales are recorded.Finally, the amount of time needed to post entries is reduced. Although each transaction must be posted to the subsidiary Accounts Receivable ledger, only the totals for the month have to be posted to the General Ledger accounts.

Sales journal with a “sales tax payable” column

Entries from the sales journal are posted to the Accounts Receivable subsidiary ledger and General Ledger. The credit sale of stock occurs when a good/service is provided to a customer and the customer to renders payment on a later date. The seller enters a debit transaction under accounts receivable and credit under sales once the transaction has occurred. In turn, the individual entries in the sales journal are posted to the respective accounts in the accounts receivable subsidiary ledger. The sales journal is a transaction journal that tracks credit sales of stock, inventory that is sold for credit and not cash.

What journal entries are recorded in the journal?

A journal entry is a record of the business transactions in the accounting books of a business. A properly documented journal entry consists of the correct date, amounts to be debited and credited, description of the transaction and a unique reference number.

When transactions are incorrectly reported, it could result in inaccurate financial statements, which are used to make business decisions and determine asset wealth. To correct this common mistake, ensure entries are recorded in the correct columns. The business collected $87.98 from Don; therefore, the cost of sales column should reflect the $83.98 the business paid for the goods/services.

Sales invoice

Each individual sale is posted to its appropriate subsidiary account. At the end of each reporting period, the sum total of the debits and credits is posted to the general ledger. The Post Ref. column in the subsidiary ledger and controlling accounts is labeled SJ-1 to represent page 1 of The sales journal has five columns to record the necessary information relating to credit sales. Indicates whether
you want to sort, subtotal, and page break the report by sales division. If not, the report lists all sales transactions sorted by invoice date/number.

Any entry relating to the sale of merchandise for cash is recorded in the cash receipts journal. In context of this article, the term sales refers to the sale of only those goods or merchandise which the organization normally deals in. Any sale of used or outdated assets (like old plant, machinery, equipment and newspapers etc.) are not recorded in sales journal. These transactions are entered in general journal, also known as journal proper. The example below also shows how postings are made from the sales journal to both the subsidiary and general ledger accounts.

The Sales Journal

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What are the types of sales journal?

  • Cash. Of course, the Company can sell goods in cash or on credit.
  • Credit. A sales journal is a journal entry whose function is to record types of credit sales transactions.
  • Sales discount journal.
  • Return journal and sales discounts.

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